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A dividend is a payment made by a company to its shareholders as a portion of the profits or retained earnings. Dividends are typically paid out in cash, but they can also be paid in the form of additional shares of stock or other property.

Dividends are usually paid on a regular basis, such as quarterly or annually, and are declared by a company's board of directors. The amount of the dividend is determined by the board of directors and can vary based on the company's profitability, cash flow, and other factors.

Dividends are an important way for companies to reward their shareholders for investing in the company and to provide them with a source of income. They are also a way for companies to signal their financial strength and stability to investors.

Not all companies pay dividends, as some may choose to reinvest their profits in the business to fund growth and expansion. Additionally, some companies may reduce or suspend their dividend payments in times of financial difficulty or economic uncertainty.


Company ABC generates $1 million in profits from its operations during the year. Its board of directors decides to pay a dividend of $0.50 per share to its shareholders. The company has 2 million shares outstanding, which means the total dividend payment will be:

Total Dividend Payment = Dividend per Share x Number of Shares 

Total Dividend Payment = $0.50 x 2,000,000 

Total Dividend Payment = $1,000,000

This means that the company will pay a total dividend of $1 million to its shareholders.

If a shareholder owns 1,000 shares of Company ABC, they will receive a dividend payment of:

Dividend Payment = Dividend per Share x Number of Shares 

Dividend Payment = $0.50 x 1,000 

Dividend Payment = $500

This means that the shareholder will receive a dividend payment of $500 for the year.

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